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Catalyst Characterization Science. Surface and Solid State Chemistry-[pdf]-[Marvin L. Deviney and John L. Gland (Eds.)]

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    书籍信息:
    标题: Catalyst Characterization Science. Surface and Solid State Chemistry
    语言: English
    格式: pdf
    大小: 11.0M
    页数: 615
    年份: 1985
    作者: Marvin L. Deviney and John L. Gland (Eds.)
    系列: ACS Symposium Volume 288
    出版社: American Chemical Society
    DOI: 10.1021/bk-1985-0288

    简介


    Content: Arsenic poisoning of hydrodesulfurization catalysts / Ruth N. Merryfield, Lloyd E. Gardner, and George D. Parks --
    A pilot plant reactor-surface analysis system for catalyst studies / T.H. Fleisch --
    Correlation between spectroscopic measurements and catalytic behavior of selective oxidation catalysts / J.F. Brazdil, M. Mehicic, L.C. Glaeser, M.A.S. Hazle, and R.K. Grasselli --
    Application of surface analysis techniques in the study of catalyst systems / D.D. Hawn, R.C. Cieslinski, and H.E. Klassen --
    Valence state of rhenium in reduced bimetallic catalysts with and without alkali metals / Sayra R. Adkins and Burtron H. Davis --
    Frequency response chemisorption studies of carbon monoxide hydrogenation catalysts / J.G. Goodwin, Jr., J.E. Lester, G. Marcelin, and S.F. Mitchell --
    Spectroscopy of metal-titanium dioxide systems / Y.-M. Sun, D.N. Belton, and J.M. White --
    Isotopic tracers in catalysis : aromatics from n-paraffins over Te-NaX zeolite / Joe W. Hightower and Geoffrey L. Price --
    Titanium dioxide single-crystal and powder surfaces in the presence and absence of platinum : an auger electron spectroscopic and electron-stimulated desorption study / M.A. Vannice, P. Odier, M. Bujor, and J.J. Fripiat --
    Clusters : molecular surfaces / A. Kaldor, D.M. Cox, D.J. Trevor, and R.L. Whetten --
    Iron Fischer-Tropsch catalysts : surface synthesis at high pressure / D.J. Dwyer --
    Low-energy ion-scattering spectroscopy : applications to catalysts / James C. Carver, S. Mark Davis, and Duane A. Goetsch --
    X-ray photoelectron and X-ray absorption spectroscopic characterization of cobalt catalysts : reduction and sulfidation behavior / D.G. Castner and P.R. Watson --
    Studies of the kinetics and mechanisms of ammonia synthesis and hydrodesulfurization on metal single-crystal surfaces / A.J. Gellman, M. Asscher, and G.A. Somorjai --
    Oxygen interactions and reactions on palladium(100) : coadsorption studies with C2H4, H2O, and CH3OH / E.M. Stuve, S.W. Jorgensen, and R.J. Madix --
    Surface reactions on clean platinum and rhodium at low and high pressures / L.D. Schmidt, D. Hasenberg, S. Schwartz, and G.A. Papapolymerou --
    Hydrocarbon synthesis and rearrangement over clean and chemically modified surfaces / C.H.F. Peden and D.W. Goodman --
    Molecular adsorption and decomposition on clean and sulfur-modified metal surfaces / R.J. Koestner, E.B. Kollin, J. Stöhr, and J.L. Gland --
    Selective epoxidation of ethylene catalyzed by silver : mechanistic details revealed by single-crystal studies / Charles T. Campbell --
    Surface structure and reaction dynamics in catalysis / K. Christmann and G. Ertl --
    Laser-induced thermal desorption with Fourier transform mass spectrometric detection / M.G. Sherman, J.R. Kingsley, R.T. McIver, Jr., and J.C. Hemminger --
    Structure of bimetallic catalysts : application of extended X-ray absorption fine structure studies / J.H. Sinfelt, G.H. Via, G. Meitzner, and F.W. Lytle --
    Surface chemistry and catalysis on some platinum-bimetallic catalysts / V. Ponec --
    Determination of the atomic and electronic structure of platinum catalysts by X-ray absorption spectroscopy / F.W. Lytle, R.B. Greegor, E.C. Marques, V.A. Biebesheimer, D.R. Sandstrom, J.A. Horsley, G.H. Via, and J.H. Sinfelt --
    The effect of support-metal precursor interactions on the surface composition of supported bimetallic clusters / H. Miura, S.S. Feng, R. Saymeh, and R.D. Gonzalez --
    Surface characterization and methanation activity of catalysts derived from binary and ternary intermetallics / M. Houalla, T.A. Dang, E.L. Eddy, C.L. Kibby, L. Petrakis, and D.M. Hercules --
    Secondary ion mass spectroscopic studies of adsorption and reaction at metal surfaces : correlations with other surface-sensitive techniques / C.R. Brundle, R.J. Behm, P. Alnot, J. Grimblot, G. Polzonetti, H. Hopster, and K. Wandelt --
    Electron microscopy and diffraction techniques for the study of small particles / J.M. Cowley --
    Atomic imaging of particle surfaces / L.D. Marks and David J. Smith --
    Microanalysis of a copper-zinc oxide methanol synthesis catalyst precursor / P.B. Himelfarb, G.W. Simmons, K. Klier, and M. José-Yacamán --
    Characterization of catalysts by analytical electron microscopy / C.E. Lyman --
    Multitechnique characterization of supported metals / William Targos --
    Diffraction from supported metal catalysts / J.B. Cohen, P. Georgopoulos, J.B. Butt, and R.L. Burwell, Jr. --
    Vibrational analysis of adsorbed molecules / H. Ibach and J.E. Müller --
    IR spectroscopic characterization of adsorbed species and processes on surfaces / John T. Yates, Jr., Patrick Gelin, and Thomas Beebe --
    Computerized IR studies of cobalt-molybdenum-aluminum oxide hydrodesulfurization catalysts / J.B. Peri --
    Fourier transform IR studies of surface adsorbates and surface-mediated reactions / David D. Saperstein and William G. Golden --
    IR photoacoustic spectroscopy of silica and aluminum oxide / J.B. Benziger, S.J. McGovern, and B.S.H. Royce --
    Carbon monoxide oxidation on platinum : coverage dependence of the product internal energy / D.A. Mantell, K. Kunimori, S.B. Ryali, and Gary L. Haller --
    The role of intercalates in heterogeneous catalysis / William Jones, John M. Thomas, D. Tilak B. Tennakoon, Robert Schlogl, and Paul Diddams --
    Dynamics of benzene in X-type zeolites / Dennis L. Hasha, Virginia W. Miner, Juan M. Garcés, and Stephen C. Rocke --
    Magnetic and mössbauer characterization of iron-zeolite and iron and/or ruthenium on doped-carbon catalysts / L.N. Mulay and Thomas Pannaparayil --
    Characterization of supported iron oxide particles using Mössbauer spectroscopy and magnetic susceptibility / J. Phillips, Y. Chen, and J.A. Dumesic --
    In situ spectroscopic studies of oxygen electrocatalysts involving transition metal macrocycles / Ernest Yeager, Daniel A. Scherson, and Cristian A. Fierro --
    IR spectroscopy as an in situ probe for molecular structure in electrocatalytic and related reactions / Alan Bewick and Maher Kalaji --
    Surface spectroscopy of platinum-cadmium sulfide-perfluorosulfonate polymer systems / N. Kakuta, J.M. White, A. Campion, A.J. Bard, M.A. Fox, S.E. Webber, and M. Finlayson --
    New catalysts and new electrolytes for acid fuel cells / P.N. Ross and A.J. Appleby --
    Carbonaceous surfaces : modification, characterization, and uses for electrocatalysis / Dale H. Karweik, Ing-Feng Hu, Sue Weng, and Theodore Kuwana.



    目录
    Title Page
    ......Page 1
    Half Title Page
    ......Page 3
    Copyright
    ......Page 4
    ACS Symposium Series......Page 5
    FOREWORD......Page 6
    PdftkEmptyString......Page 0
    PREFACE......Page 7
    1 Arsenic Poisoning of Hydrodesulfurization Catalysts......Page 8
    Experimental......Page 9
    Results and Discussions......Page 11
    Literature Cited......Page 19
    2 A Pilot Plant Reactor-Surface Analysis System for Catalyst Studies......Page 21
    Description of Apparatus......Page 22
    Study of Methanol Synthesis Catalyst......Page 27
    Discussion......Page 30
    Literature Cited......Page 31
    3 Correlation Between Spectroscopic Measurements and Catalytic Behavior of Selective Oxidation Catalysts......Page 32
    In - Situ Raman Experiments......Page 33
    Redox Processes and Solid State Transformations in Bismuth Molybdates......Page 34
    Catalytic Behavior and Phase Composition of Bismuth-Iron Molybdates......Page 35
    Identification of Functionally Discrete Oxide Ions in Bi2MoO6......Page 39
    Literature Cited......Page 42
    4 Application of Surface Analysis Techniques in the Study of Catalyst Systems......Page 43
    Experimental......Page 44
    1) Off-Axis Reaction Cell......Page 46
    2) Silicon Anode X-Ray Source......Page 48
    3) Application of XPS Using Silicon Anode X-Ray Source, Scanning Auger Microprobe, and Reaction Facility in a Copper/Aluminum Catalyst System......Page 52
    Literature Cited......Page 62
    5 Valence State of Rhenium in Reduced Bimetallic Catalysts With and Without Alkali Metals......Page 63
    Experimental......Page 64
    Results and Discussion......Page 65
    Literature Cited......Page 71
    6 Frequency Response Chemisorption Studies of Carbon Monoxide Hydrogenation Catalysts......Page 73
    Background......Page 74
    Experimental......Page 75
    Results and Discussion......Page 76
    Literature Cited......Page 84
    7 Spectroscopy of Metal-Titanium Dioxide Systems......Page 85
    Results......Page 86
    Discussion......Page 89
    Literature Cited......Page 91
    8 Isotopic Tracers in Catalysis: Aromatics from n-Paraffins over Te-NaX Zeolite......Page 93
    Results......Page 94
    Discussion......Page 97
    Acknowledgments......Page 100
    Literature Cited......Page 102
    9 Titanium Dioxide Single-Crystal and Powder Surfaces in the Presence and Absence of Platinum An Auger Electron Spectroscopic and Electron-Stimulated Desorption Study......Page 103
    Results......Page 104
    Discussion......Page 109
    Literature Cited......Page 113
    10 Clusters: Molecular Surfaces......Page 116
    Literature Cited......Page 127
    11 Iron Fischer-Tropsch Catalysts: Surface Synthesis at High Pressure......Page 129
    Experimental......Page 130
    Results......Page 132
    Literature Cited......Page 137
    12 Low-Energy Ion-Scattering Spectroscopy: Applications to Catalysts......Page 138
    Qualitative Aspect of LEISS......Page 139
    Quantitative Aspects of LEISS......Page 140
    Applications to Catalysts......Page 142
    Literature Cited......Page 148
    13 X-ray Photoelectron and X-ray Absorption Spectroscopic Characterization of Cobalt Catalysts Reduction and Sulfidation Behavior......Page 149
    Experimental......Page 150
    Results and Discussion......Page 151
    Literature Cited......Page 156
    14 Studies of the Kinetics and Mechanisms of Ammonia Synthesis and Hydrodesulfurization on Metal Single-Crystal Surfaces......Page 158
    Experimental......Page 159
    Ammonia Synthesis......Page 160
    The Hydrodesulfurization of Thiophene......Page 162
    Conclusions......Page 166
    Literature Cited......Page 168
    15 Oxygen Interactions and Reactions on Palladium(100): Coadsorption Studies with C2H4, H2O, and CH3OH......Page 169
    ETHYLENE ADSORPTION AND REACTION......Page 170
    REACTIONS OF H2O AND OH......Page 174
    METHANOL REACTIONS......Page 176
    Discussion......Page 179
    Literature Cited......Page 180
    16 Surface Reactions on Clean Platinum and Rhodium at Low and High Pressures......Page 181
    NO and NH3 Decomposition......Page 183
    The NO + CO Reaction on Pt......Page 185
    Summary......Page 187
    Literature Cited......Page 188
    17 Hydrocarbon Synthesis and Rearrangement over Clean and Chemically Modified Surfaces......Page 189
    Discussion......Page 190
    Kinetics of Structure Insensitive Reactions Over Clean Single Crystal Surfaces......Page 192
    Kinetics Over Chemically Modified Single Crystal Surfaces......Page 194
    Literature Cited......Page 201
    Carbon Monoxide Adsorption on the Sulfur Modified Ni(100) Surface......Page 203
    Hydrogen Sulfide Adsorption and Decomposition on the Clean and S-Covered Pt (lll) Surface......Page 204
    Sequential Dehydrogenation of Methanethiol on the Pt (lll) Surface......Page 206
    Ethylene Adsorption and Decomposition on Pt (lll) Surface......Page 210
    Literature Cited......Page 212
    19 Selective Epoxidation of Ethylene Catalyzed by Silver Mechanistic Details Revealed by Single-Crystal Studies......Page 214
    Experimental......Page 215
    Results and Discussion......Page 216
    Reaction Kinetics and Mechanism......Page 218
    The Role of Chlorine Promoters......Page 220
    Mechanism......Page 223
    Literature Cited......Page 224
    20 Surface Structure and Reaction Dynamics in Catalysis......Page 226
    Experimental......Page 227
    Results......Page 228
    Discussion......Page 236
    Conclusions......Page 239
    Literature Cited......Page 240
    21 Laser-Induced Thermal Desorption with Fourier Transform Mass Spectrometric Detection......Page 242
    Laser-Induced Temperature Jumps and Molecular Desorption......Page 243
    FTMS and Laser Desorption Results......Page 247
    Acknowledgments......Page 253
    Literature Cited......Page 255
    22 Structure of Bimetallic Catalysts Application of Extended X-ray Absorption Fine Structure Studies......Page 256
    Analysis of EXAFS Data......Page 257
    Ruthenium-Copper and Osmium-Copper Clusters......Page 258
    Rhodium-Copper Clusters......Page 264
    Platinum-Iridium Clusters......Page 265
    Iridium-Rhodium Clusters......Page 267
    Literature Cited......Page 268
    23 Surface Chemistry and Catalysis on Some Platinum-Bimetallic Catalysts......Page 270
    Results......Page 271
    Discussion......Page 280
    Literature Cited......Page 281
    24 Determination of the Atomic and Electronic Structure of Platinum Catalysts by X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy......Page 283
    Experimental Methods......Page 284
    EXAFS Data Analysis......Page 285
    Analysis of XANES Data......Page 288
    Literature Cited......Page 295
    25 The Effect of Support-Metal Precursor Interactions on the Surface Composition of Supported Bimetallic Clusters......Page 297
    Experimental Procedures......Page 298
    Results......Page 299
    Discussion......Page 303
    Conclusions......Page 306
    Literature Cited......Page 307
    26 Surface Characterization and Methanation Activity of Catalysts Derived from Binary and Ternary Intermetallics......Page 308
    Physico-Chemical Characterization......Page 309
    Surface and Bulk Characterization of Binary Alloys (NixSiy and NixThy)......Page 310
    Correlation Between Surface Structure and CO Conversion Activity......Page 315
    Literature Cited......Page 319
    27 Secondary Ion Mass Spectroscopic Studies of Adsorption and Reaction at Metal Surfaces Correlations with Other Surface-Sensitive Techniques......Page 320
    Experimental......Page 322
    Literature Cited......Page 329
    28 Electron Microscopy and Diffraction Techniques for the Study of Small Particles......Page 331
    Transmission electron microscopy (TEM)......Page 332
    Scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM)......Page 333
    Microanalysis......Page 334
    Scanning reflection electron microscopy (SREM)......Page 336
    Microdiffraction in a STEM instrument......Page 337
    Statistical information from single crystal patterns......Page 339
    Literature Cited......Page 341
    29 Atomic Imaging of Particle Surfaces......Page 343
    Results......Page 344
    Geometric Effects......Page 347
    Acknowledgments......Page 350
    Literature Cited......Page 351
    30 Microanalysis of a Copper-Zinc Oxide Methanol Synthesis Catalyst Precursor......Page 353
    Results......Page 354
    Discussion......Page 358
    Literature Cited......Page 362
    31 Characterization of Catalysts by Analytical Electron Microscopy......Page 363
    Analytical Electron Microscopy Techniques......Page 364
    Specimen Preparation......Page 366
    Digital Imaging Using X-ray Signals......Page 367
    Results and Discussion......Page 368
    Acknowledgments......Page 372
    Literature Cited......Page 374
    32 Multitechnique Characterization of Supported Metals......Page 376
    Experimental......Page 377
    Results and discussion......Page 378
    Conclusion......Page 385
    Literature Cited......Page 386
    33 Diffraction from Supported Metal Catalysts......Page 387
    Results.......Page 389
    Acknowledgments......Page 391
    Literature Cited......Page 392
    34 Vibrational Analysis of Adsorbed Molecules......Page 393
    Principles of the Vibrational Analysis......Page 394
    Electronic Structure Calculations......Page 398
    Comparison Between Theory and Experiment......Page 402
    Literature Cited......Page 404
    35 IR Spectroscopic Characterization of Adsorbed Species and Processes on Surfaces......Page 405
    Experimental Methods......Page 406
    Experimental Results......Page 408
    Literature Cited......Page 421
    36 Computerized IR Studies of Cobalt-Molybdenum-Aluminum Oxide Hydrodesulfurization Catalysts......Page 423
    Results......Page 424
    Discussion......Page 431
    Conclusions......Page 433
    Literature Cited......Page 435
    37 Fourier Transform IR Studies of Surface Adsorbates and Surface-Mediated Reactions......Page 436
    Experimental Section......Page 437
    Results and Discussion:......Page 440
    Conclusion......Page 448
    Literature Cited......Page 449
    38 IR Photoacoustic Spectroscopy of Silica and Aluminum Oxide......Page 450
    Background......Page 451
    Experimental......Page 452
    Results......Page 453
    Discussion......Page 460
    Conclusion......Page 462
    Literature Cited......Page 463
    39 Carbon Monoxide Oxidation on Platinum: Coverage Dependence of the Product Internal Energy......Page 465
    Literature Cited......Page 470
    40 The Role of Intercalates in Heterogeneous Catalysis......Page 472
    Experimental......Page 475
    Results......Page 476
    Literature Cited......Page 483
    41 Dynamics of Benzene in X-Type Zeolites......Page 485
    Results & Discussion......Page 486
    Literature Cited......Page 497
    42 Magnetic and Mössbauer Characterization of Iron-Zeolite and Iron and/or Ruthenium on Doped-Carbon Catalysts......Page 498
    Background Information on the Principles of Magnetism and Mössbauer Spectroscopy......Page 499
    The Fe and Fe-Co/Zeolite Systems......Page 504
    Fe on Boron-Doped Carbons......Page 507
    Fe and Fe2Ru on Carbons Using Fe3(CO)12 and Fe2Ru(CO)12......Page 513
    Literature Cited......Page 516
    Supplementary Literature Cited......Page 517
    Theory......Page 518
    Experimental......Page 522
    Results/Discussion......Page 523
    Summary......Page 528
    Literature Cited......Page 532
    44 In Situ Spectroscopic Studies of Oxygen Electrocatalysis Involving Transition Metal Macrocycles......Page 534
    UV-Visible Reflectance Spectroscopy......Page 536
    Mössbauer Effect Spectroscopy (MES)......Page 538
    Acknowledgments......Page 544
    Literature Cited......Page 548
    45 IR Spectroscopy as an In Situ Probe for Molecular Structure in Electrocatalytic and Related Reaction......Page 549
    Cell design......Page 550
    Information accessible......Page 551
    Hydrogen adsorption......Page 552
    Electrocatalytic oxidations......Page 555
    Bonding and interactions in adsorbed CO layers......Page 558
    Molecular Adsorption......Page 561
    Literature Cited......Page 563
    46 Surface Spectroscopy of Platinum-Cadmium Sulfide-Perfluorosulfonate Polymer Systems......Page 565
    Results and Discussion......Page 566
    Literature Cited......Page 572
    47 New Catalysts and New Electrolytes for Acid Fuel Cells......Page 574
    New Catalysts......Page 575
    Surface Chemistry of Pt − Ti Alloys......Page 576
    Characterization of TiO2 Promoted Pt Catalysts......Page 577
    Current Status of New Catalysts......Page 578
    Literature Cited......Page 579
    48 Carbonaceous Surfaces: Modification, Characterization, and Uses for Electrocatalysis......Page 581
    Experimental......Page 582
    Results And Discussion......Page 584
    Literature Cited......Page 593
    Author Index......Page 595
    A......Page 597
    Β......Page 598
    C......Page 599
    D......Page 601
    Ε......Page 602
    G......Page 603
    H......Page 604
    I......Page 605
    M......Page 606
    Ρ......Page 608
    R......Page 610
    S......Page 611
    Τ......Page 613
    V......Page 614
    Ζ......Page 615

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